Research and innovation partnerships have been introduced into the European R&I landscape in 2000 following the Lisbon strategy with the aim to develop the European Research Area (ERA). These partnerships were originally designed and have been further developed to overcome the fragmentation in the R&I landscape, to avoid duplication of efforts, to address economic crisis, competitiveness and innovation. Since then several instruments and initiatives were implemented with the aim of promoting the coordination, collaboration, and alignment of national strategies and programmes in various areas of knowledge. These partnerships are either Public-Public Partnerships (P2P), which play an increasing role at the cutting edge of European and national research activities or Public-Private Partnerships (PPP), which involve the industry, the research community, and public authorities.
FCT participates in the following types of partnerships:
FCT’s participation in the ERA partnerships and the funding to the Portuguese research performing institutions that participated in the funded joint transnational projects in the scope of these partnerships are perfectly in frame with the principles and purposes outlined in the Resolution of the Council of Ministers nº 78/2016, that stresses the need to consolidate and deepen Portugal's integration into the European Research Area. They also fit perfectly into FCT's Thematic Research and Innovation agendas.
ERA Partnerships have played an important role in integrating national teams into transnational consortia of international reference, and in the empowerment of the national scientific community by leading projects involving dozens of different countries, most of which within the European Union (EU). Most collaborations are with Germany, France and the United Kingdom, but also from other regions with geostrategic interest, such as India, Brazil or the USA. It should be noted that of the 298 projects selected for funding, 64 have Portuguese coordination (21%), demonstrating a good positioning and leadership of the Portuguese scientific community at an international level, as far as this type of project is concerned (2017 data).